Tag Archives: social system

Towards a Second Order Research Methodology

Read This paper addresses the need  for re-examining the cognitive perspective on the role of language in social research. From the autopoietic  perspective, language  is not a tool to reveal an objective world; rather language is a venue  for action, … Continue reading


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The Dialectic of Bottom-Up and Top-Down-Emergence in Social Systems

Read In  this  paper  we  will  present  a  theoretical  explanation of  the  relationship between  so-called individual  emergence and  the emergence  of  social  systems. We want to  take as  our  point  of departure  the assumption  that  from the  perspective  of  hierarchical  … Continue reading

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