The final report of the Foresight project Global Food and Farming Futures, which set out to explore the increasing pressures on the global food system over the next 40 years was published on 24 January 2011. The Report, The Future of Food and Farming: Challenges and choices for global sustainability highlights the decisions that policy makers need to take today, and in the years ahead, to ensure that a global population rising to nine billion or more can be fed sustainably and equitably.
The Project, which involved around 400 leading experts and stakeholders from about 35 countries across the world, was sponsored by the UK Government’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and Department for International Development (DFID). It analysed 5 key challenges for the future:
- Balancing future demand and supply sustainably – to ensure that food supplies are affordable.
- Ensuring that there is adequate stability in food prices – and protecting the most vulnerable from the volatility that does occur.
- Achieving global access to food and ending hunger – this recognises that producing enough food in the world so that everyone can potentially be fed is not the same thing as ensuring food security for all.
- Managing the contribution of the food system to the mitigation of climate change.
- Maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services while feeding the world.