A day with Dave Snowden

A day with Dave Snowden

Problems come in four domains: simple, complicated, complex, and chaotic. Each calls for a different approach. This is a sense making framework, not a categorization method. I tried to capture this in my notes, which appear below.

* Simple. Hierarchy works in simple situations. In the complex system, you need to set the boundaries.

* Ordered system. Constrains agents, reductionism and rules, determinism, observer independence. Bring in an expert or analyze situation. Sense, analyze, respond. Good practice.

* Chaotic systems. Agents unconstrained and independent of one another, studied thru stats and probability. Act, sense, respond. Novel.

* Complex adaptive systems . Lightly constrains agents. Agents modify system thru interaction with it. They co-evolve (making things irreversible). Inherently unpredictable. CAS is non-causal. Some things just are. Can only understand by interacting with it. Probe, sense, respond. Do NOT bring in experts: they are the most conservative people on earth. Bring in diverse experts, if any. Emergent practice.


About Giorgio Bertini

Research Professor. Founder Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
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